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Pig farm profit and loss, pig price can not be controlled, the most important is internal management

Pig price is not the fundamental factor to determine the profit and loss of an enterprise. Scientific and rigorous internal management can ensure the sustainable operation of the enterprise.

1、 Details determine success or failure

From the details, we can see the management level of a pig enterprise. Take pig farm disinfection as an example, this is something that every breeding enterprise should do frequently, but some enterprises will inadvertently encounter such problems: the water tower has been used for a long time without disinfection treatment, and the water is infected by bacteria; after spraying disinfection in the pen, the disinfectant does not soak into the ground and facilities, so the disinfection effect is not achieved; The fire alkali in the disinfection pool at the entrance of the farm failed due to the long time of use, but it was still in use; when the workers returned to the farm after vacation, the disinfection measures were not strict, which led to the pathogen entering the pig house. The details are also reflected in the management of feed and sow delivery room.

The profit and loss of a pig farm is the result of the interaction of many factors. A sow's annual profit of 4000 yuan and a loss of 1000 yuan are different in many details. The results showed that the loss of one sow increased by 200 yuan when one sow was mated; only 9 piglets were born in sows that should have 10 live piglets, and the loss was 400 yuan; the survival rate of piglets during lactation decreased from 95% to 90%, and the loss of one weaned pig per year was 400 yuan; due to poor management, the incidence of disease in pigs, the increase of drug cost per pig was equivalent to 300 yuan of sow loss; If the feed / meat ratio of the whole herd is increased by 0.2 due to improper selection of feed, the feed consumption of each pig will be increased by 20 kg. According to the cost increase of 30 yuan, the loss per sow will be 1130 yuan This is a considerable amount.

It reminds people engaged in pig industry that no matter how large or small the production scale and level is, no matter how many and how many problems exist in any pig farm. The process of improving pig raising level is the process of constantly finding and solving problems, that is, the process of finding "holes" to fill "holes". If there is a hole on the ground or roof of the pig house, the pig breeder will easily find and repair it in time. Generally, the pig will fill the big hole first and then the small hole. But today, most pig farms are not affected by the holes in the ground and roof, but the potential "holes". If there are less problems in pig farms, there will be more profits.

2. The profit and loss of pig farms are not entirely determined by the price of pigs

Pig farmers should not always focus on pig price, which is not the decisive factor of pig farm's profitability. If a pig farm with 500 sows and 800 commercial pigs is sold every month, the direct loss caused by epidemic diarrhea in winter is 400000 yuan; if the pig price drops by 1 yuan per kilogram, 100 yuan for 100 kg pigs, the average monthly loss of 800 commercial pigs is 80000 yuan, which is only one fifth of the loss caused by epidemic diarrhea. For example, the key to control the total cost of pig farms is to control the total cost of pig farms. The annual feed consumption of a sow is fixed. The more pigs are provided for slaughter, the less feed will be allocated. If the annual feed for sows is 1100 kg and 20 fattening pigs are put into the market, each pig will be allocated 55 kg. If 18 sows are put into the market, each pig will be allocated 61 kg. For each reduction of one pig, 3 kg of feed will be used. The increased cost is about 9 yuan, and the cost of a 10000 pig farm will increase by 9 However, this is only the cost of feed. If we calculate the weak piglets, sick piglets and dead pigs caused by poor management, as well as the increased labor costs, treatment costs, and the reduction of feed utilization rate, the cost will increase greatly. Therefore, if a sow provides more than 18 pigs per year, there is no one who can not make money, while a pig farm with only 12 or less pigs can not make money.

At present, there is a big gap between the overall level of China's pig industry and the world's advanced level. In terms of pig feed reward, China is still as high as 3.9-4.2, while the world's developed countries are far lower than this level. For example, the feed to weight ratio of British pigs is 2.85, Denmark is 3.2, Holland is 3.01, Japan is 3.26, and the United States is 3.37; China only provides 17 weaned piglets per sow, 20 in the United States, 25.96 in Brazil, 24.92 in Japan; the survival rate of piglets in China is 84% and that in the United States is 95%; The slaughter rate of pigs in China is 125% and the world average is 160%. All these show that there is a great space for the development of pig industry in China.

In view of the problem that some pig farms complain that the price of pigs is too low and the enterprises are losing money, China is a big pig consumption country, which consumes about 600 million pigs and 49 million tons of pigs every year. Such a large market provides a huge living space for enterprises. To say the least, even when most pig farms are losing money due to the sharp fall in pig prices, there are still some pig farms that are profitable, and those who make profits are those enterprises which are usually under strict management. The boss of pig raising enterprises should not always focus on the price of pigs, but should pay more attention to internal management.

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